City Scape Design
Mar 2018 (2 week project)
Collaboration with Amir Afshar, Paco Bockelmann, Timi Oyedeji
Exhibited at La Salle University in Singapore and Neighborhoods of the Future conference in London

project description

Singapore is in the lead for developing autonomous vehicles. In order to mitigate problems encountered by human-car interaction they plan to build a stacked city. This would mean pedestrians would need to constantly move up and down city layers. City Shaper is a proposal that allows people and cars to exist on the same layer through connected street furniture like lamp posts and bollards.

We spent 3-weeks on the ground conducting interviews with experts such as the Land Transport Authority, Cetran Center, TumCreate, and Smart Mobility Experience Lab. These interviews helped us identify an opportunity area to allow pedestrians and cars to share the road during non-peak hours.


Singapore is short on space and plans to overcome this by building a stacked city, which is not desirable for the people of Singapore.

Interviews with both users and experts identified the following:
1. Singapore is aiming to have a car-lite city
2. Singapore is developing connected cars
3. Singapore is developing a live digital map

We identified that we could leverage these existing developments to develop a fluid city that could change during peak and non peak traffic hours.
Initial sketches for space usage
Initial sketches for space usage
3D and 2D experiment to understand what people respond to
Prototyping different signs through projections


From our tests we discovered the importance of shade, 3D indications, and color. In addition, we uncovered that all lamp posts and road dividers are going to be redeveloped and launched in 2023. We used this to design a lamp post and bollard system that could act as indicators on the road.

During rush hour, the city operates as it currently does with cars occupying the road to enable fast flow of traffic. However, during non-peak hours, the real time map can re-direct cars into one/two lanes opening up the rest of the road to be pedestrian spaces. Our integrated lamp post and bollard system works to inform pedestrians about changes in the road space through lights and opening up of shades. In addition, it ensures their safety by creating a physical barrier between them and the cars.


After delivering our project at the Royal College of Art we have been engaging with the autonomous industry to use our research to influence future human-centered urban planning, both in Singapore and in London.
Exhibition at the Future of Neighborhoods Conference in London May 2018
Exhibition at the LA SALLE University in Singapore March 2018
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